In 2019, France will hold the Presidency of the G7. It will be a year focusing on fighting inequality, with a renewed format. For more information, see below.
“Men are born and remain free and equal in rights.”
Declaration of Human and Civic Rights.
There is still intolerable inequality in today’s world – not only in terms of income, but also access to education, healthcare, or even drinking water. And in many countries, the situation for women is even worse. Beyond the suffering it causes, inequality makes the status quo unbearable and legitimately fuels of many of the social and political protests which are destabilizing certain world regions.
Climate change hits vulnerable populations even harder. It heaps inequality on inequality and insecurity on insecurity. This is why climate change will be a major priority of our G7 year.
As soon as it takes up the G7 Presidency on 1 January 2019, France will tackle the roots of this scourge and make genuine progress towards the day on which Article 1 of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen will become a reality.
To face this challenge, France is overhauling the format of the G7: in 2019, it will be your G7, for our future – and not just a behind-closed-doors meeting between Heads of State and Government.
The highlight of this year of discussions and actions will be the G7 Summit in Biarritz, southwestern France, from 24 to 26 August 2019.
Seven countries, five international organizations and dozens of partners, together to fight inequality
Because most issues are now global (from regulating trade to fighting climate change, not to mention resolving the migrant crisis and many other challenges), six countries decided in 1975 to join forces to work together by creating the “G6”, which became the “G7” in 1976.
The seven G7 countries were Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. Since 1977, there has been another guest at the discussion table: the European Union.
The G7 Presidency is held on a rotating basis, with a different member each year setting out the main items on the agenda. France will include many partners (e.g. international organizations, NGOs, local government, researchers, businesses) in each of its G7 priorities. This G7 will be a collective effort.
In 2019, to allow everyone to have the same opportunities in life regardless of background, gender or where they live, but also to ensure global stability and peace, France wants the G7 objectives to be:
fighting inequality of opportunity, promoting in particular gender equality, access to education and high-quality health services;
reducing environmental inequality by protecting our planet through climate finance and a fair ecological transition, preserving biodiversity and the oceans;
strengthening of the social dimension of globalisation through more fair and equitable trade, tax and development policies;
taking action for peace, against security threats and terrorism which weaken the foundations of our societies;
tapping into the opportunities created by digital technology and artificial intelligence.
The goal of the G7 is to approve new actions to be put in place to fulfil the objectives (pre-defined ones in the case of the G7 in 2019).
How will we reach these decisions?
Many stakeholders (elected representatives, experts, civil society representatives, businesses, etc.) form working groups and draw up proposals.
The Ministers prepare solutions in their respective fields of expertise.
The leaders adopt an action plan, published in the form of a communiqué upon conclusion of their discussions.
Throughout the year, the “sous-sherpas” and “sherpas” (personal representatives of the Heads of State and Government) prepare the Summit based on this work.
The Biarritz Summit will take place from 24 to 26 August 2019 with the leaders of the seven member countries.
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